According to the Rabbis, Hosea was of the tribe of Reuben. His father as stated in the book is Beeri and the Rabbis link that to Beerah, prince of the Reubenites who was exiled to Assyria by Tiglath-Pilneser (1 Chron. 5:6). According to Gen. Rabbah 84, he received the Torah from Elisha, and according to Rambam, from Zechariah son of Jehoiada the priest. The Rabbis also tell us that if a prophet’s father is mentioned along with the prophet, then his father too was a prophet. They attribute the verses of Isaiah 8:19-20 to Beerah, but since it was so small and not enough for a book it was appended to the book of Isaiah (Leviticus Rabbah 6:6; see Rashi to Isaiah 8:19).
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